Objective and subjective performance measures are used to classify the various types of performance measures.
Objective performance measures are independent of the observer. That means the
measurement is done using something other than the person observing.
This independent measure can include: a stop-watch, measuring tape or record of goals. The objectivity of the performance measure is increased through measures such as: time, checklists, or established criteria.
In contrast, subjective performance measures are dependent on the observer and based on opinions, feelings, and general impressions. Subjective measures rely more on the
observer than independent measures.
Sports such as dance and gymnastics are more subjective than objective in their measures.
Types of training and training methods
- aerobic, e.g., continuous, Fartlek, aerobic interval, circuit
- anaerobic, e.g., anaerobic interval
- flexibility, e.g., static, ballistic, PNF, dynamic
- strength training, e.g., free/fixed weights, elastic, hydraulic
Types of measure methods
- ultimate measure – time, and only time.
- contributing ‘speed’ measures – reaction and block time, turn time, velocity.
- efficiency measures – stroke rate, stroke index.
- efficiency / technique - fitness : time & distance.
- training – objective measures : what awareness is possible.